Tanzania

Contacts

Branch President
Parliament Building
Shaaban Robert Street P.O. Box 9133
Dar Es Salaam
Tanzania
TZ
Branch Secretary
Parliament Building
Shaaban Robert Street P.O. Box 9133
Dar Es Salaam
Tanzania
TZ
Branch President
House of Representatives
P.O. Box 902
Zanzibar
Tanzania
TZ

Members

  • Tanzania

    Current constitution: 1977, modified by the introduction of a multiparty political system in 1992. Zanzibar, which merged with Tanganyika to form Tanzania in 1964, also has a separate directly...

    Tanzania

    Seat of Parliament:
    Dodoma
    Tanzania
    6° 10' 23.0016" S, 35° 44' 30.9984" E
    Population: 45,000,000 (2011) Constitution: Republic Date of Independence: 09 Dec 1961 CPA Branch Formed: 01 Jan 1900 Voting Age: 18
    Branch Profile:

    Current constitution: 1977, modified by the introduction of a multiparty political system in 1992. Zanzibar, which merged with Tanganyika to form Tanzania in 1964, also has a separate directly elected president (who is an ex officio member of the Union cabinet) and a 60-member House of Representatives. Controversial amendments to the constitution passed by parliament on 10 February 2000, included clauses allowing the president to nominate up to ten members of parliament. Legislature: The legislature is unicameral. The sole chamber, the National Assembly (Bunge), has 323 members: 232 directly elected, 75 seats reserved for women, ten members appointed by the president (including three women), five chosen by the House of Representatives of Zanzibar (including two women) and the Speaker, who is elected amongst the Members. The Attorney General has a seat ex officio. All members serve five-year terms. Political makeup of government: Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete of the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM, the Revolutionary Party of Tanzania) was elected to the presidency in December 2005. The CCM retained an overall majority in the National Assembly, and had also retained the presidency of Zanzibar in the October 2005 elections. Kikwete named Edward Lowassa as prime minister. He was sworn into office on 30 December, and named a new cabinet on 6 January 2006. The cabinet was reshuffled on 15 October 2006, but no new ministers were appointed. Lowassa offered his resignation on 7 February 2008 after being accussed of corruption. Mizengo Kayanza Peter Pinda was appointed to replace him on 9 February, and the cabinet was extensively reshuffled on 12 February. The resignation of the minister for infrastructure development on 21 April 2008 led to a minor reshuffle on 11 May.

  • Zanzibar

    The Zanzibar House of Representatives came into being in 1980 following enactment of 1979 Zanzibar constitution. The 1979 constitution entrusted legislative mandates to the House of...

    Zanzibar

    Seat of Parliament:
    Zanzibar
    Tanzania
    6° 9' 57.3012" S, 39° 12' 9.5076" E
    Population: 1,200,000 Constitution: United Republic Date of Independence: 01 Jan 1963 CPA Branch Formed: 04 Apr 1996 Voting Age: 18
    Branch Profile:

    The Zanzibar House of Representatives came into being in 1980 following enactment of 1979 Zanzibar constitution. The 1979 constitution entrusted legislative mandates to the House of Representatives, as a measure of strengthening the doctrine of separation of powers as prior to that, the legislative function was vested to the Revolutionary Council, the same body which assumed the Executive functions. Zanzibar and the then Tanganyika united to form the United Republic of Tanzania in 1964 whereas those two parties to the union agreed to unite in some matters and left others to the jurisdictions of each party. As such, there are two legislatures in Tanzania whereas the House of Representatives has the mandate to legislate for Zanzibar only on matters which are non union. It was not until 1995 when the public had direct influence in electing their representatives following the re-introduction of multi party system in 1992. Previously, members of the House of Representatives were available on virtue of their positions within the ruling party or within the government. But following such political transformation, the public has to elect their representatives in each constituency through elections which are held in every five years. As of now, Zanzibar has a total of 50 constituencies and thus 50 members of the House, out of 81 or 82 total members of the House, are available through constituencies. But Zanzibar constitution vests mandate to the President of Zanzibar to elect 10 persons to be members of the House and out of such ten, at least two should be appointed by the President after consultation with the Leader of the Opposition in the House or in his absence, with the political parties with representation in the House. Another category of the members of the House is 40 per cent of women special seats which is equivalent to 20 seats which are divided proportionally to political parties, according to the seats won by such political parties in the constituencies. The Attorney General of Zanzibar is also member of the House as well as the Speaker of the House if he has contested for that post while he/she was not member of the House (the Zanzibar Constitution provides that Speaker of the House can be elected amongst the Members of the House or any other persons who have qualifications to be members of the House). Since 1995 where Zanzibar had multi party elections, Chama cha Mapinduzi (CCM) had been ruling the country and Civic United Fron (CUF) had been forming the opposition within the House. But from 2010, as a result of constitutional amendment following referendum, Zanzibar has a government with structure of national unity whereas two major political parties in the isles, CCM and CUF have representation in the government. This signifies that there is no more opposition within the House.